National scientific conference "Continuing innovating land policy in the spirit of the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress"
9/5/2022 5:58:10 PM
National scientific conference "Continuing innovating land policy in the spirit of the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress"
President of Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Nhat Quang gave a welcome speech
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Hong Son, Deputy Head of the Central Economic Commission gave a speech
Attending the seminar were many delegates, experts, scientists, managers from ministries, central agencies, research institutes, universities: Central Theoretical Council, Central Economic Commission Central Committee, Central Propaganda Department, Office of the Party Central Committee, Government Office, Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, National Political Publishing House, Truth, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, Ministry of Science and Technology. Public Security, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi National University, Hanoi Law University... A large number of reporters from news agencies and press attended and reported on the event. Seminar.
Chairing the workshop were comrades: Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Nhat Quang, Member of the Party Central Committee, President of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences; Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Hong Son, Deputy Head of the Central Economic Commission; Assoc.Prof.Dr. Pham Minh Tuan, Director - Editor-in-Chief, National Political Publishing House; Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan, Director of the Vietnam Institute of Economics.
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Pham Minh Tuan, Director - Editor-in-Chief of the National Political Publishing House, Keynote speech
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Tran Quoc Toan, former Vice Chairman of the Government Office gave a speech
Along with the development of the country, under the leadership of the Party, the system of policies and laws related to land management has gradually been improved. Before the Land Law was born in 1987, from 1945 until the unification of the country in 1975, the land in the North and then in the whole country was uniformly managed by the State according to the master plan and plan. in order to ensure that land is used rationally, economically, and efficiently exploit land resources to promote economic growth and development in the direction of socialist mass production. Through the process of perfecting policies and laws on land in each period in line with the process of renewal and development of the country.
Through the amendments and supplements, the 2013 Land Law and its guiding documents have provided a relatively complete system of legal documents on land policy, significantly contributing to economic development, political and social stability. Land resources have been managed, exploited and used more efficiently than before; food security is ensured; land for production, urban development, national defense and security is allocated more rationally; the real estate market is gradually expanded; The effectiveness and efficiency of state management is improved...
However, compared to the requirement of comprehensively promoting the renovation work in the current period, land resources have not really been exploited and used effectively to become an important internal resource. There are still many outstanding problems in land management, exploitation and use such as: the state management of land is still inadequate, there is not really a high consensus from the central to local levels, not really open, transparent and based on the market mechanism; the accumulation and concentration of land has not yet met the requirements of reality; the status of disputes, complaints, denunciations and violations of the land law is still complicated, slow to be resolved, causing social irritation; the real estate market, including the market for land use rights, has not developed stably, is not transparent, and is not sustainable; land use is wasteful and inefficient in some localities, agencies, units, enterprises, farms, etc.
Speech to welcome the Conference, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Nhat Quang, Member of the Party Central Committee, President of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences emphasized that land is an extremely valuable natural resource, associated with the historical process of nation building and defense of the whole country. Ethnic Vietnam. Land is also an important component of the living environment, as well as the living space of communities associated with each family, clan and people. Land is the construction site for economic, cultural, social, security and defense facilities, a special means of production, and a great source of internal resources and capital for socio-economic development. of the country. However, land policies and laws have not really met the expectations of society through the times of amendments and supplements. Land resources have not yet been fully exploited and promoted to become an important internal force for the country's socio-economic development. The process of implementing policies and laws on land has revealed many "loopholes". creating an environment and conditions for negative "interest groups" to seek profit and corruption, which need to be considered, analyzed and given specific solutions.
Chairman Bui Nhat Quang said that the Resolution of the 13th National Congress of the Party has set a strategic orientation for the period 2021-2030 "Comprehensively and synchronously perfecting the institution for economic development. socialist-oriented market economy, creating a favorable environment for effective mobilization, allocation and use of resources, promoting investment, production and business", including land resources, At the same time, it has set out strategic breakthroughs, including land issues such as: "effectively mobilizing, managing and using all resources for development, especially land resources". In addition, the Socio-Economic Development Strategy for the period 2021-2030 has emphasized: Continue to improve and improve the quality of institutions and laws that are adequate, synchronous, modern, integrated, stable, specific, transparent; fully and synchronously develop markets for factors of production, especially markets for land use rights…
Through the workshop, President Bui Nhat Quang expected scientists and managers to contribute many frank, objective and scientific opinions to dissect land policy issues from many dimensions, thereby the basis for proposing solutions and dealing with "fundamental" problems that are posed to land policies and laws; At the same time, there are "breakthrough" recommendations to remove bottlenecks and bottlenecks in the land market to free up land resources, so that the land market can truly become a resource for growth and development. develop.
Speaking at the opening of the Conference, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Vu Hong Son, Deputy Head of the Central Economic Commission, said that the current land potential has not been used economically, effectively and sustainably; has not been fully exploited and promoted to become an important internal resource for the country's socio-economic development. Degradation, pollution, landslides are becoming more and more serious, and agricultural land is still abandoned. The situation of land speculation, waste and violations of the law on land is still complicated.
The above context is creating both new opportunities and challenges for land use and management; requires drastic and fundamental renovation of land management and use, especially land policies and laws, towards not only solving current difficulties and problems, but also creating a foundation for our country to become a high-income developed country by 2045.
In order to solve the land problem well, Deputy Head of the Central Economic Commission Vu Hong Son said that it is necessary to analyze and evaluate the causes of limitations in land management and use in the past, such as planning work. using land; land allocation, land lease; land acquisition, support, compensation, resettlement, so that there are effective solutions...
Speaking at the seminar, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Pham Minh Tuan commented: Along with the development of the country, under the leadership of the Party, the system of policies and laws related to land management has gradually been improved. However, compared to the requirement of comprehensively promoting the renovation work in the current period, land resources have not really been exploited and used effectively to become an important internal resource. There are still many outstanding problems in land management, exploitation and use.
On the basis of a clear awareness of the limitations, existing in the exploitation of land resources is one of the important bottlenecks for the development of the country, the 13th National Congress of the Party was recently held. paid special attention to the field of land, setting the task: "Strict management, rational and efficient use of land and resources". In particular, the top priority is developing strategies, perfecting the institutional system for effective management and use of resources, with a focus on land. Completing the legal system and policies on land, improving the quality of the formulation of master plans and plans on land use, modernizing the cadastral field, and providing public services on land; ensure the consistency, synchronization, sustainability, efficiency and savings in land use...
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Pham Minh Tuan evaluated, with more than 50 presentations from experts and scientists on different topics, around the main contents: land ownership and inadequacies, bottlenecks, bottlenecks in clearing land resources; problems related to problems in the state management of land; persistent problems related to land use and management; the problem of using market tools in land management.
At the workshop, the participants of the workshop focused on sharing opinions and views in 02 sessions: (1) The bottlenecks in the land market in Vietnam; (2) Some orientations and solutions to improve land policy in the new context. The conference also participated in the online form of many scientists who were unable to participate in person.
Discussing revenue from land and capitalization from land, Prof. Dr. Dang Hung Vo, former Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam needs to exploit financial resources from land through land capitalization. Financial capital from land will be the main source of capital for development investment. Therefore, it is necessary to study to come up with appropriate land finance policies, on the principle of not wasting land capital, well managing land under public property, and encouraging the use of land under public property. investment, thereby creating appropriate mechanisms to increase revenue from land.
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Tran Quoc Toan, a senior expert and former Deputy Chairman of the Government Office, said that the requirement in the new period is that land resources must be used more efficiently, meeting the requirements of the Government. rapid and sustainable development of the country. Assoc.Prof.Dr. Tran Quoc Toan also shared many solutions to renew and perfect the land ownership relationship in the coming time.
Economic expert, Dr. Vu Dinh Anh also analyzed and offered many policy solutions to the inadequacies in the current land use right auction...
Focusing on discussion, the delegates agreed on the need to stick to the requirements set out in the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress, Vietnam's practice and international experience to propose views and solutions to continue to renew policies and laws on land in sync with the socialist-oriented market economy institution; arousing the potential, bringing into full play land resources; overcome wasteful land use, corruption, lawsuits and land speculation; basically solve the shortcomings and problems in land management and use left by history and new requirements of practice; well solve the relationship between the state, the market and society in land management and use...
The conference received many discussions and many comments. This is an opportunity for scientists, theoretical researchers, leaders, managers and experts to further clarify and deepen theoretical and practical issues on land policy. On that basis, propose correct and creative solutions to continue renewing land policy in the spirit of the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress in the current context.
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan, Director of the Vietnam Institute of Economics delivered the closing speech of the Conference
Speaking at the conclusion of the Conference, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan, Director of the Vietnam Institute of Economics, on behalf of the Conference Organizing Committee, thanked the distinguished guests, scientists attending the Conference; thanks to the two agencies who actively participated in the preparation of the Workshop; Thank you to the reporters from the press and media agencies who came to report on the conference.
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan said that the opinions discussed at the Workshop will be synthesized and distilled into a Policy Recommendation Report to be sent to the Party and State Leaders, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment to propose amendments. perfecting the land policy in the coming period, especially serving the working program of the Party Central Committee summarizing 10 years of implementing Resolution 19-NQ/TW dated October 31, 2012 of the Executive Committee. The XI Central Committee's Executive Committee on continuing to renew land policies and laws in the period of comprehensive promotion of the renovation work, creating a foundation for our country to basically become a modern industrialized country by 2020. and evaluate 10 years of implementation of the 2013 Land Law.
Delegates take souvenir photos
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